Swami teaches....Part 85



Links to Swami Teaches - Part 84

Sai Ram

Light and Love

Swami teaches... 2 - 7 Nov. 2006
Stop Not Until the Atmic Principle has Obtained

Part 1.

The entire Cosmos is governed by God;
God is governed by Truth;
Truth is governed by the Supreme Wise;
Such a noble one is equally Divine.

The Universe is subject to the sway of the Divine. God is the embodiment of eternal Time. The life-span of human is very limited. Because of the limited time-span, human is bound by the passage of time in terms of hours, days, months and years. All the latter are by their intrinsic nature transient.

It is indeed a pity that this eternal time should be considered as a fleeting moment. Human's 'actions are governed by the change in time and circumstances.

Time is moving fast like a stormy gale. Human's life is melting away every moment like a block of ice. Months and years are rolling past in the wheel of Time. People have to ask themselves how they are using the time that is given to them. In a year there are 3,15,36,000 seconds. How is human using these precious moments?

If this sort of enquiry is made it will be found that the average human spends most of time on mundane activities. Usually not even ten minutes or ten seconds have devoted wholeheartedly to spiritual enquiry or self-examination.

How many eras are disappearing in our own epoch! Eras come and go, epochs roll on, but human's mind remains as before.

In every individual, animality, humanness and Divinity are present. (Today what is happening is the growth of the animal tendencies. As a consequence, qualities like kindness, compassion and sympathy are not to be seen mostly anywhere. Animals have no internal vision or any power of discrimination).

Human being, however, is endowed with internal vision as well as the power of discrimination. Human endowed with a mind, which confers on him/her vichara shakthi (the power of inquiry, analysis, and reflection of the nature of the Self or truth). The Divinity has to manifest itself from within.

It has to be realised by own efforts. The Atmic Principle is not derived from an external force. It is based on an internal source.

Often people are behaving worse than animals. They are harassing the innocent and the ignorant. They are behaving as demons. There is discord everywhere - between husband and wife, between preceptor and pupil, and in every other relationship. What is the reason for this discord? The absence of mutual trust. No one trusts another. As a result, hatred and bitterness are growing in the social, ethical, political, economic and every other field. There is discord even in the scientific field.

One of the consequences is the thinning of the ozone layer above the Earth. As a result, there is the threat of fire disasters. There are also threats from bomb blasts of the kind you have noticed in newspaper reports. The countries are faced with such dangers from man-made calamities. The lack of trust has blinded people towards each other.

These dangers can be averted if people realise the sacredness of human existence and Nature.

The mind is the cause of differences and by control of the mind can differences be eliminated. Nine forms of devotion for to realise own divinity in every individual have been shared in several previous compilations.

People are of three types: emotional type, active type and the rational type. The emotional type of persons are engaged in activities like worship of idols, bhajans etc. They offer worship to an idol or picture in the faith that God in a certain form has shown to mankind the means to liberation. However, you may worship a picture as God, but not God as a picture. You may see God in a picture, but the picture is not God. No object exists with a form without the immanence of the Divine in it.

Treat every object as a manifestation of the Divine. But do not reduce the Divine to the level of material objects. The process of devotion, beginning with adoration of physical objects, ultimately leads to the realisation of the Divine. Without this emotional yearning for God active pursuit of the Divine is not possible.

When devotion develops, one resorts to the path of action. And then, one starts enquiring into what is transient and what is permanent, what is real and what is unreal. While this discriminating faculty is essential for the spiritual aspirant, it is being abused in the name of rationalism. The process of enquiring has assumed bizarre forms. Few persons attempt to obtain the correct meanings of things. By misinterpreting things and creating confusion, many are taking to wrong courses.

The proof of the rain is the wetness of the ground. Likewise, the proof of true devotion is in the peace of mind, the peace which protects spiritual seeker against the onslaught of failures.

By legend when Emperor Bharthrihari gave up his throne and went into a hermitage in the forest, the subordinate rulers who were his tributaries laughed at the stupid step and asked him how he got the idea and what he gained. Bharthrihari replied, "I have now gained a vaster empire, a richer and more peaceful empire; I gave in exchange a poor barren torn empire; see what profit I have made." Bharthrihari gave up worldly things and actions. He explored inner joyful life of spirit.

Today (as in ancient times) people go on pilgrimages. However, without inner call for spiritual oneness with God only by going to a forest or visiting temples (because the others are visiting), the inner being is not purified. Renouncing worldly things, one must explore inner life. This prescription of sacrifice is what the Vedas recommended for attaining liberation, immortality. (But sacrifice is not connected with actions of killing).

Gauthama Buddha saw sheep being driven to be slaughtered at a sacrifice (yajna); he tenderly lifted a sweet little lamb on his shoulder and followed the sheep to the special enclosure where the ruler of the state was performing the yajna. On being told that the ceremonial killing of the lamb will bring great good to the ruler and the state, Buddha said, "Of course you must admit that a man, a prince, a monk is much more valuable than a tiny trivial lamb. Kill me and win merit a hundredfold", and advised him about the inner weaknesses and vices that are symbolised by the victims of the yajna.

Buddha argued him out of his false attachment to the paltry benefits promised for ritual correctitude. He told him that the prayer that rose from every Indian at sunrise and at sunset was "Sarve janaah sukhino bhavanthu" - "Let all beings attain happiness." "The sacrifice of a living being to secure happiness here or hereafter though accompanied by the recitation of all the appropriate ritual formulae was a selfish act and so, it deserves discouragement. To kill, so that you may live longer and with fuller joy is a reprehensible act, Buddha declared.
It is comparable to the disgraceful pride of those who swagger like bullies because they have the atom bomb which can reduce to ashes entire states and vast cities. They make mankind cower in fear, just as the sacrificer in the yajnas makes the victims shiver in terror.

You have to sacrifice, not a bleating sheep or a horse or cow, but your animality, the bestial lust and greed, hate and malice. (Emperor Sibi was prepared to offer his own flesh to save the life of a pigeon. Many sacrificed their lives to protect the lives of others).

Spirituality is associated today with exercises like attending religious discourses, reciting slokas, counting beads and conducting bhajans. These all are the different paths towards spiritual awareness what arise and awake from within.

Moksha (liberation, devoid of delusion, freedom from bondage) is not a specific place. Nor is it something that can be got from any preceptor or other person. To realise one's own true Self is liberation. Obsessed with the external world, preoccupied with the acquisition of external objects, human's life is becoming more and more burdensome every day.

The ancients attached value to the four goals of life: dharma (righteousness), artha (wealth), kaama (desires) and moksha (liberation). When truth and righteousness are protected, the nation will be secure. This is true for all countries, everywhere, without regard to nationality or creed. Truth and righteousness transcend barriers of space and time.

The ancients gave primary importance to dharma and moksha. (Final release or emancipation from the cycle of birth and death, liberation is called also mukthi). The ancients considered dharma as the basis for the world. Today dhana (wealth) is esteemed as the basis for everything.

Recognise what holiness is associated with human life. But because of the vagaries of the senses, human develops attachments to various objects and persons entirely for selfish reasons. All the love human professes is not out of affection for others but out of self-love. If this selfishness goes, there will be real oneness. Both love and hatred will be absent. There will be samathvam (equal-mindedness). There will be no sense of separateness. That is true moksha (liberation).

If you desire to elevate yourself and attain a higher spiritual level, you have to adopt the appropriate means. This does not mean trying to fly like birds. The Vedas declare: mukthi (final release or emancipation from the cycle of birth and death) will not fall from the sky. Nor is it to be found in the Nether World or on the Earth. It can be got only by the elimination of desires which constitute knots in the heart.

Moksha does not mean attaining some divine state. Divinity is within you. All you have to do is to manifest it. That which does not exist, will not come forth. That which exists will not go away. Everything is preseat here and now. Hence, there is no need for any search or for any sadhana.

Do not make a distinction between "my work" and "God's work." When you make a division, you give rise to enmity, because of differences. Where there is enmity, there is no room for Divinity, purity and unity.

Whether you utter the name of Jesus, Buddha or Zoroaster, or Guruji (Nanak) - it is all the same. People sacred to the memory of Guru Nanak, who commenced the propagation of his teachings. The hymns of Guru Nanak glorified the unity of all faiths. Collective action was promoted. The Vedas glorified the collective spirit. It was Guru Nanak who initiated the practice of congregational bhajans.

The achievements of ancients Bharatheyas and the greatness of their qualities are beyond praise. Bharath is the home of many religions and philosophies. (Modern persons take pride when they resort to clubs or gambling places; but, they are ashamed to go to a temple or to a guru to receive the spiritual guide).

There was a time when Bharath stood out as the example for the world in holiness and purity. The ancient sages enthroned righteousness and gave the highest place of honour for the spirit of sacrifice. They adored justice and revered truth. In this way, they bequeathed to the nation its greatest cultural heritage.

Recall for a moment the past history of Bharath. There is no record at anytime of Bharatheyas having invaded other countries. They always adhered to justice, protected righteousness and esteemed truth. They took to arms only when foreign hordes invaded the country. Otherwise they never committed aggression on any country.

(Many foreign nations plundered the wealth of Bharath, but Bharath never coveted the wealth of any country, Not only did they loot Bharath's wealth, but they desecrated the sacred culture of Bharath. Foreign nations created divisions between persons. They set at naught the sanctity of the plighted word. They undermined human relationships. It is because of these outrages that Bharath is in a deplorable plight today).

Reflect for a moment on the glorious record of Bharath's past history. Bharath has always cherished noble virtues.
(Unable to recognise the purity, sacredness and spiritual heritage of Bharath, modern consumer society's persons treat it with levity. They consider it as uncivilized. This is totally wrong).

Bharath has been the home of prosperity, morality, sacrifice and fraternity as example to the other countries.
Foreigners should understand the precise meaning of the word "Hindu," the name which they associate with India. The five letters in the name of "Hindu" represent five qualities - Humanity, Individuality, Nationality, Divinity and Unity. These qualities are essential not only for Bharatheyas, but for the entire world.

The modern education has polluted these qualities. Today the people have become victims of exotic modes of living and have no respect for the transitional culture. Such situation is common not only for Bharath but (as a rule) for all other countries too.

Mother Bharath is shedding tears. Find out the cause, as Lava and Kusa did when they found their mother Sita was in tears, they asked their mother: "Oh Mother'! Why are you weeping? Here we are, more valiant than Shri Rama. We can bring for you a Golden Mountain if you desire it." The boys held her feet and declared that they would not leave until she revealed the cause of her grief. See what the children of Sita, the daughter of the Earth Goddess, did to assuage the grief of their mother.

Which son of Bharath today is trying to wipe the tears of Bharath Matha? Mother Bharath's grief affects the whole world, all countries over the planet.

( Reet's compilation from, Sathya Sai Speaks. Vol. 5. "The rules of the game," Chapter 56; Sathya Sai Speaks. Vol. 26. "Through Self-enquiry to Self-realisation," Chapter 11; Sathya Sai Speaks. Vol. 27. "Role of teachers, parents and Governments," Chapter 19; and "The devotion that God loves," Chapter 32; Sathya Sai Speaks. Vol. 28. "Cherish Bhaaratheeya culture," Chapter 35).

Namaste - Reet

Sai Ram

Light and Love

Swami teaches... 9 -12 Nov. 2006
Stop Not Until the Atmic Principle has Obtained

Part 2

"You will do the greatest service to the state if you shall raise, not the roofs of the houses, but the souls of the citizens." Epicetus (Greek philosopher, ca 55 -132) has said. Swami's Teaching is this greatest service for the citizens of the Earth.

The Motherland should be revered as the Divine. Only then there will be worldly peace. Starting with values you end up with spiritual awareness and peace. That is the truth. There can be no peace without values (cheers). "Let the people know the truth and the country is safe," Abraham Lincoln (U.S. president,1809-1865).

Without the cultivation of human values, all studies and spiritual exercises are of no use. Without eternal values, life is meaningless. Without spirituality there will be neither purity, nor morality nor integrity. When there is purity in thought, word and deed, human values are practised. The unity of the three H's is essential - Heart, Head and Hand.

All beings are flowers strung on the selfsame string to make a multicoloured garland for the Lord. When a thorn pricks your foot, you get tears in the eye. So too, when a worm is crushed, your heart must react to its pain. This must be cultivated as a sadhana and practised until it becomes one's nature.

The Supreme is One, but wears many vestures. All names are associated with the 'Divine. You should develop this feeling of equality. Only then will you be aware of the unity that underlies the diversity.

From the fathomless ocean, countless waves arise. Though the waves appear as different from each other, the ocean is one. Likewise, though living beings appear in the Universe in a myriad forms, all of them are waves that have emerged from the ocean of Sath-Chith-Ananda (Being-Awareness-Bliss ).

As long as human is subject to the feeling of duality, human cannot be free from attachments and hatred. There can be no escape from dualism as long as human does not recognise inherent divinity.

There are today few who recognise unity in diversity, though there are any number of intellectuals who are engaged in promoting divisions and differences. The world today needs righteous people who will promote unity.

Unity is vital for all, wherever students and teachers are and whatever their country, religion or sex. Love should be the unifying force.

Teachers over the world would promote the sense of human unity among all people, without regard to race, religion or caste. Imbibe the students with confidence and courage. Unify them through Love and Love alone.

Think it over in silence, make it over in silence, make it part of your consciousness.

Life is the chance afforded to human to recover the peace and the joy that had lost. Human loses them through ignorance of their value and of the means of retaining them. If only person would stay in the consciousness of Shivoham - "I am Shiva; I am immortal, I am the source and spring of Bliss" - would be supremely content. But human goes about weeping at own helplessness, inadequacy, poverty and evanescence. This is the tragic fate from which human has to be rescued.

People have belief in things which should not be believed, but do not believe that which they ought to believe. People are ready to believe in the statements of the author of an almanac or the predictions, but will not believe in the sacred pronouncements of the Vedas.

The Vedas have declared: "Thath Thvam Asi," "Aham Brahma-asmi," "So-Ham" ("Thou art that," "I am Brahmam," "I am He").

"So-Ham," the third Vedic dictum is confirmed by the inhaling and exhaling that go on in everyone. But nearly no one believes in it. People believe in the films, in novels and newspapers and many other sources. But one does not believe in the truth of own Atma (Self). People today pursue studies all their life, but hardly practise what they have learnt.

Krishna acknowledged Arjuna's devotion to Him only when the latter declared: "Karishye Vachanam Thava" (I shall abide by your words).

As a result, human is growing weaker and losing own humanness because of the, lack of faith in the Self. In many cases, as humans grow in years and study more and more books, they develop doubts. (There is no difference between books without consciousness and minds filled with bookish knowledge. Both are equally sterile).

It is not accumulation of information that is important, but the transformation is important.

The mansion of Self-Realisation has to be erected on the foundation of Self-confidence, with the walls of self-satisfaction and the ceiling of self-sacrifice. Confidence is at the root of it all and therefore confidence is the first step is for each one to comprehend own true Self.

Human being is called Manuja, the one who has come from Manu, the primal author of the Dharmasastra (the Code of Conduct for all mankind). Every human being has the latent tendencies of a sage Manu.

People talk grandly of adwaitha, (non-dualism or monism, the Vedantic doctrine that everything is God) of the oneness of all, but, they are the very persons who exaggerate every difference and emphasise every distinction.

How can human realise the Truth about own real Nature, the Self? Only when human being experiences the non-dualism. As long as person is steeped in dualism (that he/she and the Divine are different), person is bound to be racked by the opposites: joy and sorrow, the real and the unreal.

One's life should reflect the unity of thought, speech and action. Devotion should also be the unified expression of love for God, action in the service of God and total surrender to the will of God. These are intertwined like the braid of a woman's tresses.

Bhakthi (devotion), upasana (worship) and jnana (awareness of the Self) together demonstrate the oneness of the Divine. This truth is common to all religions. However, by regarding God as separate, human resorts to various kinds of worship.

The eye scatters your vision in a hundred directions; the ear drags your mind to many false melodies; the hands hanker after hundred flimsy acts. Human being Divine must have the Divine all around all the time, in order to be alive; like fish, he must have the water of divine joy all around him.

People would go away from the worldly path like the fish which swim against the current in a river. That is the way to realise the Divine. If you allow yourself to be carried away by the worldly current, you can only meet with a sad end. Whatever the world may think, keep your eye on the spiritual goal. When people ask for liberation, they should understand that liberation means oneness with the Divine.

Compared to the behaviour of the educated urban population, there seems to be more goodness and virtue among unlettered hill tribes. Injustice and wickedness seem to flourish in the places where you have educational institutions and courts of law.

Human is becoming heavier every day. Desires are getting insatiable. Selfishness and self interest are reaching the skies. How can a heavy-loaded mind and over-burdened senses help human to attain oneness with the Divine? This is impossible. (Usually individual is unable to go up spiritually because he/she allows to be weighed down by the heavy loads of possessiveness and pride).

People would concentrate on their natural spiritual tendencies rather than succumbing to the allurements of worldly objects. For this purpose, association with good people is essential.

Eschew totally the company of bad people. Good company does not mean participating in bhajans and religious gatherings. Satsang truly means cultivating the company of one's sath (conscience). It means being immersed in the contemplation of God. Limit, control, regulate, set bounds and bunds; that is the way to succeed. In essence, there is no difference between work and worship.
If people let loose their thoughts, words and deeds, calamity will be the consequence.

(Imagine a game of football which has no rules, the ball is never 'out', there is no foul, no corner, no offside, no hands, nothing by which you can decide who plays well or ill, who wins or loses).

Ramakrishna Paramahamsa once slapped Raani Rasmani on the cheek at a spiritual gathering when he noticed that while appearing to follow his discourse, her mind was thinking about some legal matters. Many resented Ramakrishna's action, but after his explanation, the Raani admitted the lapse.

Today no one can inflict punishment on erring devotees. Each has to examine own lapses and correct him/herself. Be simple in your method of living; let your thoughts be guided by sathya, dharma, shanthi and prema and  all actions be performed in the spirit of dedication and in accordance with the dictates of one's conscience.

In the present day world the type of karmopasana (worship through action) is necessary. But one should not be engaged all the life in this form of worship. Gradually one should reach a higher level.

Before explanation the leading role of true education by Swami what indicates the path to spiritual awareness, let us remember three forms of spiritual exercises available for all people.

1. As this may not be an easy process, the method of Likhitha japam has been recommended for purifying one's mind. (Likhitha japam is a form of spiritual exercise in which one is engaged in writing the name of the Lord).  A wealthy man, who had no peace of mind and spire his riches, went to a sage for advice. The sage suggested to him that as a way of reducing his insatiable desires, he should write the name of the Lord some crores of times. Unused to such an arduous exercise, the rich man found a shortcut to achieving what the sage had suggested, by resorting to mechanical devices for multiplying the number of times he wrote the name of the Lord. This is a total travesty of the spiritual exercise suggested by the sage. This sort of deception and hypocrisy is rampant today. (Even the writing of a few names with sincere devotion is better than filling pages mechanically).

2. The name of the Lord is like a precious jewel which must be considered valuable and cherished as a gem. Tulsidas (author of the greatest medieval devotional poetical work concerning the acts of Rama) sang in praise of the Lord's name (Rama's name) as the most invaluable gift given to him by his guru. The Lord's name should be recited with deep feeling so that it gets firmly entrenched in the heart.

At the time of Rama's coronation in Ayodhya after his return from Lanka, Rama gave presents to all those who had helped him in the battle against Ravana. When it came to Hanuman, Rama could not find anything that was worthy of the unparallelled devotion of Hanuman. Praising Hanuman's unexcelled services, Rama said that the only fitting reward for such a devotee was to give himself to Hanuman. He embraced Hanuman most lovingly. Sita saw this and felt Hanuman should not be left unrewarded for his great services. She took out from her neck the pearl necklace she had received from her father Janaka at the time of her wedding and gave it to Hanuman. Immediately after receiving the necklace, Hanuman removed one pearl after another from the necklace, crushed it between his teeth, placed it close to his ear and then threw it away. Surprised at his strange behaviour, Sita asked him why he was treating the pearls in that manner.

Hanuman explained that he had no use for any object that did not chant Rama's name. Hanuman immediately pulled out a hair from his arm and kept it close to Sita's ear. The hair was chanting Rama's name!

3. The devotee's from ancient until today yearning for touching the feet of the Lord as a special form of worship. A spiritual significance is attached to the touching of the Lord's Feet which sanctify the earth by walking on it. The blood circulates from the feet to the head. When one touches the toe of the Lord's Feet, he/she can experience a current the Divine energy present in the toe. Lakshmana served Rama and Sita for thirteen years in the forest. During all these years Lakshmana had never looked at the face of Sita but revered her feet every day.

From a mundane point of view the body appears as a physical form. But from the spiritual point of view, there is an aura around every body. It has effulgence from which arises spiritual energy. This energy produces vibrations. That is why it is declared: "Dharshanam Paapa naashanam" (Sight of the Lord destroys all sins). "Sambhaashanam Sankata naashanam" (Dialogue with the Lord destroys all sorrows). "Sparshanam Karma vimochanam" (The touch of the Lord frees one from the consequences of one's actions). This connection should be from heart to heart. Then the Lord and the devotee become one. Because the spiritual significance of these practices is not properly understood people fall a prey to confusion.

Activise your devotion. Let your actions be pure and sacred.

(Reet's compilation from, Sathya Sai Speaks. Vol. 5. "The rules of the game," Chapter 56; Sathya Sai Speaks. Vol. 26. "Through Self-enquiry to Self-realisation," Chapter 11; Sathya Sai Speaks. Vol. 27. "Role of teachers, parents and Governments," Chapter 19; and "The devotion that God loves," Chapter 32; Sathya Sai Speaks. Vol. 28. "Cherish Bhaaratheeya culture," Chapter 35).

Namaste - Reet

Light and Love

Swami teaches... 13 - 16 Nov. 2006
Stop Not Until the Atmic Principle has Obtained

Part 3

"All who have meditated on the art of governing mankind have been convinced that the fate of empires depends on the education of youth." Aristotle (Greek philosopher, 384-322 B.C.). These words are timeless and even more actual today than about 2360 years ago.

Education lends beauty to human. Education is human's secret wealth. Education is the source of fame and happiness. It is the teacher of teachers. Education is the true kinsman and the third eye. Rulers honour the scholar more than the person of wealth.

"Public education is a great instrument of social change. Through it, if we so desire, we can make our country more nearly a democracy without classes.... Education is a social process, perhaps the most important process in determining the future of our country, it should command a far larger portion of our national income than it does today." (James Bryant Conant, U.S. chemist and educator, 1893-1978).

Swami underlines that the fate of the every country will depend at first on the education, character of its people and character is elevated and purified by sadhana, the hard way of regulation of behaviour and the control of desires. Rules of behaviour must be observed by politicians, rulers, subjects, monks, who are leaders of the community and heads of monasteries, scholars and others, for they are exemplars and guides and their responsibilities are greater.

What we need today is not a new system of education. Not do we need a new social system. Such changes will not serve to solve the problems we face. We need today men and women who are pure in mind and heart. Imagine how students would be able to serve the nation in the future if the basic truths were taught to them.

In a society lacking in purity of mind and integrity of character, noble-minded human beings will be few.

(Here is meaningful to mention the distinction between the body and the mind. The body can stand still easily; but cannot run so easily. In the case of the mind, to keep it still and pure is difficult; but it can be always fleeting).

The educational system should not be subject to changes according to changes in Education Ministers. Education, like justice, should be free from governmental interference. Students should realise that what matters is not the religion they profess, but how far they are truly human in their life. They should realise the sacredness of their Motherland.

Modern the educational system has to be examined. Teachers have to consider the fundamental features of this system.

From early times, the ancient system of education developed a broad outlook and promoted virtues and morals which served to foster noble ideals in society. What are the changes we witness today in the educational set-up?

It is only when this question is properly examined that we will find the right solution for problems.

Is the responsibility that of the parents?

Or is it that of the teachers who enrich the intellects of the students?

Or that of the national leaders who profess to strive for the progress of the nation?

Or is it that of the administrators who are in charge of educational institutions?

Or is it that of the writers who are producing the literature for the students and the public?

The question may be asked whether all of them are discharging their respective duties properly. Let them examine their hearts and furnish the answer. Then we shall find the solutions to educational problems.

The reality is that among students discipline has almost totally declined. Students today, without developing good qualities, are wasting their lives by bad association and giving free rein to their energies.

Students are going astray because their virtues are not cultivated.

Students today are getting involved in all kinds of petty agitational movements. Morality and discipline are not to be found. Educational institutions are growing in numbers but the quality of education is declining. It is because teachers, parents and rulers have failed to set the right example that today our educational system is in shambles.

Morality and character are confined to books.
The hearts are filled with foul things.
The hands are used for selfish purposes.
This is the progress made in education today.
One repays with harm the good done to him.
One betrays the man that feeds him.
Students mock at teachers.
This is our progress.

Life goes on whether a person acquires culture or not or pursues studies or not. In the sphere of education, every thinking individual is confronted with baffling problems. Educational institutions have forgotten their obligation to make education a source of strength and happiness in daily life. Educational ideals have lost their appeal. Education has ceased to be creative.

What is the means to restore this discipline on right lines? Is any one trying to find out the cause of indiscipline or the means to remedy the situation? Without seeking to find out who is responsible for this indiscipline, it is wrong to blame the students.

Are teachers teaching to the students the message of great men who proclaimed the supremacy of morality and character?

Who are responsible for this? In the home, the parents are responsible, in schools and colleges, the teachers, and outside, the governments which have tiled to provide a proper system of education and the administrators who have not recognized their obligation to train young people on right lines. The responsibility thus rests on all of them and not on any one single agency.

The degeneration in education is indicated by the change in addressing a student as "good boy" in olden days, to "bye-bye" at present.

Respect and reverence are down in the dumps. Education has been commercialized. "When money speaks, the truth keeps silent," the Russian proverb declares. Educational institutions which ought to be citadels of morality, integrity, sacrifice and character, have cease to foster morality. Students don't make any attempt to develop good qualities, while cultivating friendships and participating in common activities.

Without cultural refinement, can anyone hope to earn honour? Without morals, can you acquire the esteem of others? How to teach students to develop purity in mind and heart?

Students should cultivate human values. The teachings of great and noble souls should be taught to them. Education should be for elevation. Teachers should teach students discipline, observance of humility and respect, and instill in them the spirit of service to society and the sense of fellowship.

"We are born for cooperation, as are the feet, the hands, the eyelids, and the upper and lower jaws." (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, Roman emperor and Stoic philosopher, 121-180).

Students should feel the sense of human unity, with faith in God. All religions teach essentially the same truths.

Hence no religion should be despised. Because of the Government's policies, a wrong attitude has been developed towards religion. The concept of a Secular State is bandied about. Secularism really means that you should have equal respect for all religions and beliefs.

Teachers, inspire your students by your example. Give no room for anger, jealousy or hatred within you: Teach the students three P's: Purity, Patience, Perseverance.

Students have to acquire faith, which generates love. That is the ultimate destiny of human - the full realisation of human potential by practising human values.

When all concerned - from students to educational authorities - function in this spirit, they can achieve all that they want. Teachers should not be content with merely teaching the children. They should contact the parents and ascertain how the children are behaving at home. It is not enough to relate stories and reach songs and bhajans to the students. They should tell them about health, food and nature protection, about culture of behaviour, morality and ethics.

Students should dedicate themselves to social service what leads to the ripening of wisdom. Wisdom is the source of good qualities. Develop good qualities and good conduct. Realise that service is the means to overcome the ego, broaden the vision and promote love.

Every student should observe the three principles of equality, unity and co-operation. The nation is going to pieces because of the lack of mutual respect and unity. Education is not confined to reading, writing and listening. Degrees do not constitute true marks of learning. Without wisdom and spiritual knowledge, can there be real education?

True education should promote morality, character and spirituality. There is an unseen power which underlies the physical world.

Today students should acquire both physical knowledge for living and spiritual knowledge for understanding that which sustains life. The two together help to make humanness blossom.

"Education has now become the chief problem of the world, its one holy cause. The nations that see this will survive, and those that fail to do so will slowly perish.... There must be re-education of the will and of the heart as well as of the intellect, and the ideals of service must supplant those of selfishness and greed." (Granville Stanley Hall, U.S. psychologist, philosopher, educationist, 1844-1924).

Experience bliss by taking to the spiritual path of true education. Engage yourselves in spiritual enquiry and practice at least a fraction of what you learn. However, remember that the joy experienced will be in inverse proportion to your desires. The greater the desires, the less the happiness you will experience.

( Reet's compilation from, Sathya Sai Speaks. Vol. 5. "The rules of the game," Chapter 56; Sathya Sai Speaks. Vol. 26. "Through Self-enquiry to Self-realisation," Chapter 11; Sathya Sai Speaks. Vol. 27. "Role of teachers, parents and Governments," Chapter 19; and "The devotion that God loves," Chapter 32; Sathya Sai Speaks. Vol. 28. "Cherish Bhaaratheeya culture," Chapter 35).

Namaste - Reet

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